How much has Italy spent on health in recent years? The differences between governments

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Health in Italy has always been one of the topics of great discussion: it is how much the various governments that followed allocated (and cut) in recent years.

How much is spent in Italy on health? This issue is always very topical, since, even recently, there was no lack of controversy in this regard when the 2023 Budget Law was approved, the first to be implemented by the new center-right government.

After all, the outbreak of the pandemic has exposed all the critical issues of our national health system, with Italy being one of the nations most plagued by the covid both in terms of infections and deaths.

The last health controversy in Italy was over the number of nursestaking into account that the Court of Auditors in 2020 certified that there would be a deficit of 65,000 units in our country.

So let’s see in detail how much Italy spends every year on health, also doing a comparison between different governments to see who made the biggest cuts compared to projected spending.

Health: how much is spent in Italy

To understand how much is the annual expenditure on health in Italy, the best way is to examine the figures published on the website of the Chamber of Deputies on the funding level of our National Health Service.


Health spending in Italy

Health spending in Italy

The new level of national health needs, which represents general public health and accredited health funding in Italy – it reads -, was recently fixed by the 2022 Budget Law (Law n.º 234/2021) at 124,061 million euros for 2022, 126,061 million for 2023 and 128,061 million for 2024”.

As can be seen from the table, after the peak “of emergency spending in 2020 and 2021 due to the Covid-19 pandemic, a reduction in the growth of health expenditure in 2022 until its containment, which will last until 2024 and attributable to personnel costs and the definitive cessation of costs related to the structure of the emergency commissionerfor”.

About thelast budget lawin your observations the audit Office pointed as “resources allocated to health, relative to GDP, will fall to lower levels than before the health crisis“; sector workers, on the other hand, underlined how the increase in resources allocated by the maneuver will barely serve cover the cost increase related to inflation.

The Government increased the budget by 2 billion euros to try to respond to the world of health care and it is said that it was insufficient in view of the parameters – he explained though Giorgia Meloni -. But we must be careful because the parameters of previous years were of an extremely emergency reality. I don’t know how much one can believe that what was done during Covid is also a parameter for the future”.

What have the last governments done?

In 2019, a report by the gimbe titled “Defunding of the National Health Service 2010-2019”, since the foundation came to the conclusion that in that period “at the public health more than 37 billion euros were stolen”.

In the decade 2010-2019 – wrote Gimbe -, public financing of the SNS increased by €8.8 billion globally, growing by an average of 0.9% per year, a rate lower than the average annual inflation of 1.07%”.

Basically, during this period the State increased its budget for health, going from 105.6 billion to 114.5 billion, but the growth was lower than inflation, so much so that it seems more appropriate to speak of failure to adjust instead of actual cuts.


NHS funding from 2001 to 2022

NHS funding from 2001 to 2022

As can be seen, in the period from 2001 to 2022 there were cuts to the SNS between 2012 and 2013 (-1 billion, Monti government) and between 2014 and 2015 (-0.2 billion, Letta then Renzi government), while between 2005 and 2006 (Berlusconi II Government) there was no deviation; the main step occurred between 2004 and 2005 (always government Berlusconi II) when spending suddenly increased by more than 10 billion.

However, when there were increases, it remains to be seen whether they were in line with the three-year expenditure budgets and the inflation trend.

Source: Money It

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